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Friday, November 17, 2017

Centuries of Opulence: Jewels of India Exhibit #GIAMuseum #CarlsbadCA

via press release

Centuries of Opulence: Jewels of India Exhibit
Unique collection on display at GIA 
Carlsbad, California,
October 13, 2017 – March 1, 2018

A singular exhibit of intricately designed 17th to 20th-century jewelry and ornate objects from India debuts on Oct. 13 at GIA’s (Gemological Institute of America) world headquarters in Carlsbad, California. “Centuries of Opulence: Jewels of India,” will be on display through March 2018, showcasing 300 years of adornment with 50 lavish historical jewelry pieces and objects, including several from the Mughal Empire (1526–1857). 


Mughal Horn Pendant:  This gold pendant features a 125 carat Colombian emerald engraved in Arabic 
with salutations of peace. Set with diamonds, Burmese rubies, emerald beads and dangling pearls, it was 
made for a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore. Mughal Era • Mysore • 18th century • emerald, ruby, diamond
and pearl in 22K gold    • 6 x 8.5 x 2 cm
“We are thrilled to be able to exhibit this spectacular historical jewelry,” said Terri Ottaway, curator of the GIA Museum. “The wealth of gems in each piece gives us a tantalizing look at the lavishness of the royal courts of India from centuries past.”

“Centuries of Opulence: Jewels of India” explores the often intricate routes diamonds, rubies, emeralds, sapphires and other gems decorating these pieces took from their sources across the globe. It delves into their religious and cultural symbolism, the wars fought for them and the historical tradition of gemology - the study of gems - in India. The pieces exhibited are on loan from a private collection.

Ottaway continued, “The nobility of India traded diamonds from their famous Golconda region for Colombian emeralds, Burmese rubies and pearls from the Persian Gulf.  No mine was too remote to access, no ocean was too wide to cross, in pursuit of the very best gems. For the gems not only conveyed wealth and status, but they were also worn as talismans for the protection and enhancement of life. With so much at stake, you begin to understand why wars were won and lost for these treasures.”

Royal Manga Mala
While a necklace exhibiting mango-shaped elements (a manga mala) is traditional in South India, 
a manga mala as elaborate as this one was worn only by those who could afford such a massive 
gem-set jewel. Note the stylized mangos around the collar of the necklace. Its pendant represents 
the mythical two-headed bird (gandaberunda) that was the emblem of Mysore’s Wadiyar royal family. 
There is elaborate repouss√© detailing on the back. 
Mysore  19th century  diamond, ruby and emerald in 22K gold  Necklace 79 cm long, pendant 11 x 8.5 cm
Throughout India’s history, many different gems were used in elaborately designed jewelry. Some served to honor religious figures; other jewels were integral to the marriage contract, as seen in nose rings worn as a tribute to happiness in the union. Elaborately designed wedding necklaces depicted snakes or fish as symbols of fertility, and the colors used in enamel - typically on the back of jewelry pieces - functioned as a representation of the forces of life.

“Centuries of Opulence: Jewels of India” will be on display from Oct 13, 2017, through March 2018. Visitors can schedule a tour by emailing guestservices@gia.edu or by calling 800-421-7250 ext 4116, or +1 760-603-4116 (if outside the U.S. or Canada).




The GIA museum in Carlsbad is home to the Institute’s extensive collection of gems, jewelry and minerals. The many permanent and rotating exhibits support GIA’s mission by strengthening awareness of gems, jewelry and gemology. The museum collection also supports GIA’s research and education programs. Visit https://www.gia.edu/gia-museum for a full list of exhibits on display.  

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